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AIDS and HIV Infection Facts

How HIV is not transmitted

Family, friends and co-workers should not fear becoming infected with HIV through casual contact with an HIV-infected person at home, at work, or socially.

These activities will not transmit the virus: shaking hands, hugging or kissing, coughing or sneezing, getting a mosquito or insect bite, using a public phone, opening a door, using public swimming pools, sharing food, eating or drinking utensils, using drinking fountains, using toilets or showers.

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Basic Facts about HIV prevention

AIDS and work

For the vast majority of occupations, the workplace does not pose a risk of acquiring HIV.

The exceptions include:

Their risk is very low, but real.

Among the hazards to which these persons may be exposed are needlestick injuries and other skin-piercing accidents, and blood splashing into the eyes while they are administering treatment or otherwise performing their duties.

AIDS and sports

There are no documented cases of HIV being transmitted during participation in a sports activity.

The very low risk of transmission during sports participation would involve sports with direct body contact in which bleeding might be expected to occur. Even in such an unlikely event, risk of transmission would be very low. However, in sports involving direct body contact or combative sports where bleeding might occur, it is sensible to follow two simple procedures:

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